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Is Kotlin better than Java?

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Is Kotlin better than Java?

Developing Android applications is a wonderful way to help your business succeed, but deciding on the appropriate programming language is the actual challenge. For many of us, it seems self-evident that Java is the greatest since it is ubiquitous and universally praised. However, with the introduction of Kotlin, this seeming faith in Java has been undermined, and programmers have begun to look for questions such as: 
Kotlin or Java for Android? 
What is the difference between Kotlin and Java for Android development? 
Kotlin versus Java: which is better for Android development?

We decided to write this article to tackle Kotlin versus Java conflicts and provide you with a clear perspective. In this section, we shall compare Kotlin versus Java Android Development. So, let's get this party started! 

What is Java? 
Java is the native language of Android, and it is used by apps that interface with the operating system and directly access hardware. This language permits the construction of any application and is compatible with virtually all sorts of computers and operating systems, including Android, Windows, and Linux. Sun Microsystems (now owned by Oracle) created Java, and Microservices may be used with it.

What are the Advantages of Java? 
1. Java is cross-platform and may run on almost any device, server, or operating system. 
2. Its coding is strong, and Java instructions cannot damage memory or jeopardize data from other OS X programs. 
3. Because Java is object-oriented, it is simple to design modular programs and reuse the components that contribute to resilience. 
4. It is ready to use, and with Java, you will receive a lot of ready-to-use third-party code. 
5. When compared to other languages, Kotlin outperforms Java in terms of ease of use, compilation, debugging, and deployment.
6. Because many of its libraries are controlled by reputable organizations such as Google, Apache, and others, Java is an open-source language that assures security. 

What are the Java Language's Disadvantages? 
1. When compared to other languages such as C + or Python, the syntax used by Java can be a little complex or tedious. 
2. It is difficult to view certain material using Java because it may be incompatible with the device or equipment being utilized. 
3. It is difficult to gain access to the new Java improvements in mobile development. 
4. There are occasions when Java interferes with the design of the Android API.
5. Test-Driven Development for Java always necessitates the creation of more additional codes and then increases the likelihood of any programming mistakes and defects. 
6. Java is a bit slower than other programming languages and consumes a lot of system memory. 

What is Kotlin? 
In the case of Kotlin versus Java, Kotlin is a newly developed language that is inspired by Java, but it is an enhanced version of it with many more capabilities. When compared to Java and other programming languages, it is cleaner, simpler, and has less formality and conventions. Developers must still grasp basic programming ideas and structures to utilize this language to create Android apps. 

What are the Advantages of Kotlin? 
1. Kotlin Application Deployment is lightweight, faster to build, and stops apps from growing in size.
2. Kotlin code is considerably smaller than Java code because it is less verbose, and less code equals fewer errors. 
3. Kotlin converts the code to bytecode that can be run in the JVM. As a result, all Java libraries and frameworks are transferred and executed in a Kotlin project. 
4. The Kotlin script assists in configuring projects in Android Studio for auto-completion assistance and in reducing compile-time error detection. 
5. It is not vulnerable to NullPointerException (The Billion Dollar Mistake ). 
6. For web development, Kotlin has coroutines as well as compatibility with Javascript.

What are the Kotlin Language's Challenges? 
1. Because Kotlin is not as well-known as other well-established languages such as Java, the developer community is small. 
2. Kotlin matches weak patterns, making early code readability difficult to read and understand. 
3. Because Kotlin is newer than Java, it has a tiny support community. It also contains fewer libraries, blog entries, and tutorials. 
4. Kotlin has a high learning curve, and transitioning teams to Kotlin due to the language's compact syntax can be difficult. 
5. There are just a handful of Kotlin developers on the market. As a result, getting an experienced mentor may be difficult.

A Quick Comparison between Kotlin and Java 
Even though Kotlin is an officially approved language for writing Android apps, you may believe that there aren't enough reasons to switch. Why would you want to switch when Java has shown to work for all of these? So, here are a few reasons why learning Kotlin is one of the best decisions you can make.

1. Absence of Safety 
NullPointerException, or NPE, is one of Java's major flaws, and the only conceivable cause of NPE is an intentional request to throw NPE. Some of the data inconsistencies are due to initialization problems or other issues caused by external Java programs. 

2. Data Classes In Kotlin vs Java Android
Data Classes lead to the auto-generation of boilerplate such as equals, hashCode, toString, getters/setters, and much more. 

3. Functions for extending 
We may enhance the functionality of existing classes in Kotlin without inheriting from them. To put it another way, when comparing Kotlin to Java, Kotlin allows you to create a class with new functionality without needing to inherit from the class.
About The Watchtower UK
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  Aug 23, 2021       by ebimo-dogubo       541 Views

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